Why did they create the Electoral College? They feared that, if allowed to directly elect the president, the general populace might foolishly vote for an unqualified president or even a despot—or the masses might be unduly influenced by foreign governments when voting for a president. In essence, the Founding Fathers felt the masses could not be trusted. Every Vote Counts Amendment. A total of 538 electoral votes are in play across all 50 states and Washington, D.C. This proposed constitutional amendment sought to abolish the Electoral College presidential elections and to have every presidential election determined by a plurality of the national vote. Every State is allocated a number of votes equal to the number of senators and representatives in its U.S. Congressional delegation—two votes for its senators in the U.S. Senate plus a number of votes equal to the number of its Congressional districts. In the United States, the president and vice president are elected by the Electoral College rather than the popular vote of the people—and, as of 2020, there are a total of 538 electoral votes. This system of indirect democracy was chosen by the Founding Fathers as a compromise between allowing Congress to elect a president and giving potentially uninformed citizens a direct vote. The Founding Fathers established it in the Constitution, in part, as a compromise between the election of the President by a vote in Congress and election of the President by a popular vote of qualified citizens. So, when voters cast ballots for president and vice president on Election Day, they’re actually voting for a slate of electors who have pledged to vote for their favored candidates. Because of the way electors are apportioned, the presidential candidate with the most votes by the citizenry does not always win the election and become president. There are 538 total electoral votes. How many Electoral College votes are there in total? There are 435 representatives in total and 100 senators. Since 1824, aside from the occasional "faithless elector", the popular vote determines the winner of a presidential election by determining the electoral vote, as each state or district's popular vote determines its electoral college vote. There were more presidential candidates on the ballot than at any other time in U. Electoral College Vote "one matters and one … Your state's entitled allotment of electors equals the number of members in its Congressional delegation: one for each member in the House of Representatives plus two for your Senators. Popular vote vs. Many if not most state delegations have a majority of delegates who are Republican. 538. To win the presidency, a candidate needs more than 50% of the electoral votes. As results start coming in on Election Night, the race to 270 electoral votes will begin. 68: "Nothing was more to be desired than that every practicable obstacle should be opposed to cabal, intrigue, and corruption." After that, New York and Florida are tied with 29 votes each. In most states, whoever wins the majority there will be awarded all of its electoral college votes. This was the case with. In United States presidential elections, a faithless elector is a member of the United States Electoral College who does not vote for the presidential or vice presidential candidate for whom they had pledged to vote. Next 384 results. Due to the 23rd amendment, Washington, D.C. has three electors, making the combined number a total of 538 electors. Every State is allocated a number of votes equal to the number of senators and representatives in its U.S. Congressional delegation—two votes for its senators in the U.S. Senate plus a number of votes equal to the number of its Congressional districts. The number of current members of the Electoral College -- 538 -- is determined by the total number of US Senators, members of the US House of Representatives, plus three additional members -- representing Washington, DC. The state of California has 55 electoral votes in the Electoral College. What is the monthly payment on a 200k mortgage? Here's a state-by-state guide on the 538 total electoral votes in play. Though the number of electoral votes is fixed at 538, there are circumstances that can arise requiring special attention: "Presidential Election Process." Robert Daemmrich Photography / Corbis / Getty Images. A candidate needs 270 electoral votes to win the election. Former U.S. Treasury Secretary Alexander Hamilton wrote in Federalist (Paper) No. Instead, every 10 years with the new census, the number of electors shifts from states that have lost population to states that have gained population. In order for a presidential candidate to take an election and make the White House their residence for the next four years, they need to secure 270 of these electoral votes. There, each state’s delegation has 1 vote, and a candidate must receive the votes of a majority of state delegations to win. According to Article II, Section 1, Clause 2 of the Constitution, each state legislature determines the manner by which its state's electors are chosen. In a United States presidential election, the popular vote is the total number or percentage of votes cast for a candidate by voters in the 50 states and Washington, D.C.; the candidate who gets the most votes nationwide is said to have won the popular vote. "What Is the Electoral College?" The 12th Amendment—ratified in 1804—changed the original process, allowing for separate ballots for determining the President and Vice President. Barack … What is the makeup of the Electoral College? Trump is the fifth person in U.S. history to become president while losing the nationwide popular vote. Therefore, a candidate needs 270 Electoral College votes to win.. Besides, how electoral votes are determined? What are the names of Santa's 12 reindeers? It also means that there is always a total of 538 electors, or equivalently, 538 electoral votes — that’s the sum of 435 voting members of the House, 100 senators, and three electors assigned to Washington, DC. A presidential candidate has to win a majority of these votes to win the presidency - that is 270 votes or above. Top Searches Holiday Gifts. Election Results for the U.S. President, the U.S. Senate and the U.S. House of Representatives. The Electoral College consists of 538 electors, and an absolute majority of at least 270 electoral votes is required to win the election. The history of how that number of electoral votes came to be and the number needed to elect a president is an interesting story. Electoral votes are awarded on the basis of the popular vote in each state. How many electoral votes did Trump get - and which states did he win? The US presidential elections occur every four years and the college meets a few weeks afterwards to cast its vote. A candidate needs to win a majority of electors, or 270, to become the candidate-elect. Hamilton, Alexander. Here's a state-by-state guide on the 538 total electoral votes in play. The Federalist Papers, authored by Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay, represented an attempt to convince the states to ratify the Constitution. Every four years on the first Tuesday following the first Monday of November, … Ultimately, Trump received 304 electoral votes and Clinton 227, as two faithless electors defected from Trump and five defected from Clinton. There have been five United States presidential elections in which the winner lost the popular vote including the 1824 election, which was the first U.S. presidential election where the popular vote was recorded. As a result, the number of Electoral College members -- or Electoral Votes -- each state has is determined by the size of its own congressional delegation. Trending. Today, each citizen's vote indicates which electors they would like to have represent them during the Electoral College process. How Many Electoral Votes Does a Candidate Need to Win? Popular vote, in an indirect election, is the total number of votes received in the first-phase election, as opposed to the votes cast by those elected to take part in the final election. Melissa Kelly, M.Ed., is a secondary school teacher, instructional designer, and the author of "The Everything New Teacher Book: A Survival Guide for the First Year and Beyond.". 270 (the majority ) What happens if no one wins the Electoral Vote ? See the … But, if circumstances warranted, the electors could be free to vote for a candidate other than the one to whom they were pledged. If Biden wins Georgia, where he currently has a narrow lead, he will end up with a total of 306 electoral votes. The Electoral College consists of 538 electors. When was the Electoral College implemented? Barack Obama from the Democratic Party defeated John McCain to win the presidency, and is the first African-American president. Electoral votes are allocated among the States based on the Census. There are 435 representatives in total and 100 senators. S . 2 345 6. There are 538 electors in total. The total number of electoral votes does not vary from year to year because the number of members of the House of Representatives and the Senate does not change. The United States Electoral College is a name used to describe the official 538 Presidential electors who come together every four years during the presidential election to give their official votes for President and Vice President of the United States, usually voting for the popular vote (most voted for person) during. The … What is the Electoral College for dummies? Even though the aggregate national popular vote is calculated by state officials, media organizations, and the Federal Election Commission, the people only indirectly elect the president. Electoral Vote: Winner: 306: Main Opponent: 232: Total/Majority: 538/270: Vice President: Kamala D. Harris [D] V.P. Each elector represents one electoral vote, and a candidate needs to gain a majority of the votes - 270 or more - to win the presidency. Each state is assigned a number of electors equal to its two Senate seats plus the number of seats in the House of Representatives. See Electoral College and Indecisive Elections for more information. There are 538 possible electoral votes; 270 are required for a candidate to win the Electoral College vote. What is internal and external criticism of historical sources? How many electoral college votes do each state get. Due to the 23rd amendment, Washington, D.C. has three electors, making the combined number a total of 538 electors. Does the popular vote determine the electoral vote? It is important to remember that the President is not chosen by a national popular vote. How the US Electoral College System Works, What Happens If the Presidential Election Is a Tie, Presidents Elected Without Winning the Popular Vote, Landslide Victory: Definition in Elections, Vice President of the United States: Duties and Details. Most states use a winner-takes-all method, where the candidate who wins the state's popular vote is awarded the state's entire slate of electors. Each presidential ticket has a group of designated electors ready to respond should their party win the popular vote of the people during a presidential election, which occurs every four years in November. In the United States, the president and vice president are elected by the Electoral College rather than the popular vote of the people—and, as of 2020, there are a total of 538 electoral votes. Next 266 results. Library of Congress. "Federal Elections 2016." He was sworn in as President on January 20, 2009. 68: The Mode of Electing the President." Whichever candidate -- President Donald Trump or former Vice President Joe Biden -- gets to 270 electoral votes will win the presidency. As results start coming in on Election Night, the race to 270 electoral votes will begin. How many electoral votes does a president need to win? The number of electoral votes is derived by adding the number of senators (100), the number of members in the House of Representatives (435), and three additional votes for the District of Columbia. Popular vote totals are from the official Federal Election Commission report. 1 Lindsey Boylan; 2 Gary Eisen; 3 Van Hunt; 4 COVID-19 Vaccine; 5 Anastasia Russian Singles; 6 Gus Malzahn; 7 Payroll Service Provider; 8 Mortgage Rates; 9 Buffalo Bills; 10 SolarWinds; … how many electoral votes are there total us: how many electoral votes are there: how many electoral votes are there total in the nation: Prev. Trending. Keeping this in view, how many electoral votes does each state have? US Presidential election: 583 Electoral College votes are up for grabs 68: The Mode of Electing the President, M.Ed., Curriculum and Instruction, University of Florida, There is a constitutional process that goes into effect in case of a.