FREE Shipping by Amazon. Typical of Central European cities in the last quarter of the 19th century, the fourth phase was characterised by an eclecticist style based on the Renaissance and Baroque periods. [213][214] After the staro zdanje, numerous hotels were built in the second half of the 19th century: Nacional and Grand, also in Kosančićev Venac, Srpski Kralj, Srpska Kruna, Grčka Kraljica near Kalemegdan, Balkan and Pariz in Terazije, London, etc. In 395 AD, the site passed to the Eastern Roman or Byzantine Empire. Notable items include Turkish and oriental arms, national banners, and Yugoslav Partisan regalia. [133] Although there are several historic religious communities in Belgrade, the religious makeup of the city is relatively homogeneous. The S-train network, BG Voz, run by city government in cooperation with Serbian Railways, is a part of the integrated transport system, and has three lines (Batajnica-Ovča and Ovča-Resnik and Belgrade centre-Mladenovac), with more announced. Orders may still be placed on our website or by phone at 800-332-1556. . Since the early 2000s Belgrade again hosts major sporting events nearly every year. [68] The first permanent cinema was opened in 1909 in Belgrade. Piazza dell'Arengo in Ascoli Piceno (Marche). [223] There are 37 protected natural resources in the Belgrade urban area, among which eight are geo-heritage sites, i.e. . History of Europe, account of European peoples and cultures beginning with the first appearance of anatomically modern humans in Europe. The festival, which collaborates with London Fashion Week, has helped launch the international careers of local talents such as George Styler and Ana Ljubinković. [50], Occupied by the Habsburgs three times (1688–1690, 1717–1739, 1789–1791), headed by the Holy Roman Princes Maximilian of Bavaria and Eugene of Savoy,[51] and field marshal Baron Ernst Gideon von Laudon, respectively, Belgrade was quickly recaptured by the Ottomans and substantially razed each time. Located only 2 km from Ada Ciganlija. 3750x2013 / 1,23 Mb Go to Map. [65] In 1948, construction of New Belgrade started. Belgrade hosts many annual international cultural events, including the Film Festival, Theatre Festival, Summer Festival, BEMUS, Belgrade Early Music Festival, Book Fair, Belgrade Choir Festival, Eurovision Song Contest 2008, and the Beer Fest. [134] Belgrade also used to have one of the largest Buddhist colonies in Europe outside Russia when some 400 mostly Buddhist Kalmyks settled on the outskirts of Belgrade following the Russian Civil War. The Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts is also based in Belgrade, as well as the National Library of Serbia. The city is surrounded by amazing beauty and is a distinct city because of the old Moorish buildings painted white. [95] Two people were killed, 203 injured and 108 arrested during the protests, and later that day tanks were deployed onto the streets to restore order. One of the characteristics of the city terrain is mass wasting. The white British proportion is officially below 50 per cent in Leicester, Luton and Slough. [190][191] The exhibition was seen by almost 100,000 visitors. Winter is the blooming period for plum blossoms, a beautiful flower that can tolerate the cold. The city is home to the main headquarters of the national broadcaster Radio Television Serbia (RTS), which is a public service broadcaster. And the whole region of Puglia, in turn, is not as popular as, let's say, Tuscany but it's definitely not less worth a visit - so do include it in your itinerary to Italy - especially in the winter time. European Union website - EUROPA is the official EU website that provides access to information published by all EU institutions, agencies and bodies. The mountains of Avala (511 m (1,677 ft)) and Kosmaj (628 m (2,060 ft)) lie south of the city. [232][233] The history of the White City To this day, Tel Aviv is known as the “White City”, on the coast of … 3750x2013 / 1,23 Mb Go to Map. There are, on average, 31 days a year when the temperature is above 30 °C (86 °F), and 95 days when the temperature is above 25 °C (77 °F). Some of the city's municipalities are also twinned to small cities or districts of other big cities; for details see their respective articles. Copying without permission is not allowed. The town’s position, strung out along white limestone cliffs, not only overlooks one of the island’s best harbors but also the strategically significant straight that separates Corsica from rival island Sardinia. Taking Belgrade by bluff. The weather is also bearable and perfect for visiting towns and cities - it's nice to walk around without the scorching sun. Земя на световен кръстопът, Борис Стоев Чолпанов, Изд. The station is located around 2 km (1.2 miles) from the town center and if you don't feel like walking up the road, you can take a bus that departs right in front of the station. And there is much to discover in this beautiful Balkan city. Both the Mikser Festival and Belgrade Design Week feature lectures, exhibits and competitions. FEST is an annual film festival that held since 1971, and, through 2013, had been attended by four million people and had presented almost 4,000 films. Downhill creeps are located on the slopes above the rivers, mostly on the clay or loam soils, inclined between 7 and 20%. In 1843, on Dubrovačka Street (today Kralj Petar Street ), Serbia's knez Mihailo Obrenović built a large edifice which became the first hotel in Belgrade: Kod jelena ('at the deer's'), in the neighbourhood of Kosančićev Venac. [261], The Port of Belgrade is on the Danube, and allows the city to receive goods by river. The main ethnic groups are: Serbs (1,505,448), Roma (27,325), Montenegrins (9,902), Yugoslavs (8,061), Croats (7,752), Macedonians (6,970), and ethnic Muslims (3,996). What Is … [181] [115], Belgrade is a separate territorial unit in Serbia, with its own autonomous city authority. [226] Of those, in 2019 more than 100,000 tourists arrived by 742 river cruisers. After a prolonged battle which destroyed much of the city, starting on 6 October 1915, Belgrade fell to German and Austro-Hungarian troops commanded by Field Marshal August von Mackensen on 9 October of the same year. A new free distribution daily, 24 sata, was founded in the autumn of 2006. [283][284], "Bgd" redirects here. The Beli dvor (White Palace), house of royal family Karađorđević, is open for visitors. News to your Instagram-addicted ears? White and Yellow Pages Europe Phone directory, Telephone directory, white pages, yellow pages Europe. There are also 31,914 Muslims, 13,720 Roman Catholics, and 3,128 Protestants. We like to visit southern Europe in winter when the north is gray, dark and gloomy. [208], The oldest public structure in Belgrade is a nondescript Turkish türbe, while the oldest house is a modest clay house on Dorćol, from late 18th century. Also available in vecor graphics format. Évora is a member of the Most Ancient European Towns network, and one glance at the town is enough to show why. The overall white population tops 50 per cent in Leicester and Luton when Eastern European and Irish communities are added but no ethnic group is in … The Starčevo culture was succeeded by the Vinča culture (5500–4500 BC), a more sophisticated farming culture that grew out of the earlier Starčevo settlements and also named for a site in the Belgrade region (Vinča-Belo Brdo). Discover Virgil Abloh’s take on street fashion. This election ended the long-time rule of the Democratic Party, which was in power from 2004 to 2013.[122]. [262] The city is also served by Belgrade Nikola Tesla Airport, 12 kilometres (7.5 mi) west of the city centre, near Surčin. 'White City', pronounced [beǒɡrad] (listen); names in other languages) is the capital and largest city of Serbia. In 1968, major student protests led to several street clashes between students and the police. Belgrade is classified as a Beta-Global City. It contained the seven countries listed above. Ronda is located in the province of Malaga in Spain, famous for it’s city cliffs. [54] After the Second Serbian Uprising in 1815, Serbia achieved some sort of sovereignty, which was formally recognised by the Porte in 1830. White City White City Location within Greater London Population13,389 OS grid referenceTQ233807 Ceremonial countyGreater London Region London CountryEngland … [29] As the Ostrogoths left, another Germanic tribe, the Gepids, invaded the city. [48] Belgrade was made the seat of the Pashalik of Belgrade (also known as the Sanjak of Smederevo), and quickly became the second largest Ottoman town in Europe at over 100,000 people, surpassed only by Constantinople. Living, working, travelling in the EU. At the same time, an interest in joining the European mainstream allowed Central and Western European architecture to flourish. They include Skadarlija, the National Museum and adjacent National Theatre, Zemun, Nikola Pašić Square, Terazije, Students' Square, the Kalemegdan Fortress, Knez Mihailova Street, the Parliament, the Church of Saint Sava, and the Old Palace. Its whitewashed defensive walls and houses in the old town with many winding streets, steps and beautifully decorated, colorful window frames can make you think you're somewhere in Greece. Political map of Europe Driving around the old town you can still see devasted buildings kept in memory of those who died during the last war. [53], During the First Serbian Uprising, Serbian revolutionaries held the city from 8 January 1807 until 1813, when it was retaken by the Ottomans. Belgrade means “white city”; a place to discover. Artist Marina Abramović, who was born in Belgrade, held an exhibition in the Museum of Contemporary Art, which the New York Times described as one of the most important cultural happenings in the world in 2019. [28] In 471, it was taken by Theodoric the Great, king of the Ostrogoths, who continued into Italy. Christianity is the largest religion in Western Europe. [20], Evidence of early knowledge about Belgrade's geographical location comes from a variety of ancient myths and legends. Buy Emvency Shower Curtain Oil Painting Paris European City Landscape France Eiffel Tower Black White and Yellow Modern Couple Under Waterproof Polyester Fabric 72 x 72 inches Set with Hooks: Shower Curtain Sets - Amazon.com FREE DELIVERY possible on eligible purchases In antiquity, Thraco-Dacians inhabited the region and, after 279 BC, Celts settled the city, naming it Singidūn. Belgrade was captured by subterfuge, with six German soldiers led by their officer Fritz Klingenberg feigning threatening size, forcing the city to capitulate. The city of Murdock, Minnesota, granted a permit for the Asatru Folk Assembly to build a church there, but now residents find themselves insisting they aren't racist. In the period after the Serbian Revolution, Belgrade was again named the capital of Serbia in 1841. [157] Other prominent Belgrade authors include Branislav Nušić, Miloš Crnjanski, Borislav Pekić, Milorad Pavić and Meša Selimović. [75], On 25 March 1941, the government of regent Crown Prince Paul signed the Tripartite Pact, joining the Axis powers in an effort to stay out of the Second World War and keep Yugoslavia neutral during the conflict. Ivanovic and Djokovic are the first female and male Belgraders, respectively, to win Grand Slam singles titles and been ATP number 1 with Jelena Janković. [141][142] The city's nominal GDP in 2014 was estimated at 16.97 billion USD, amounting to 859,329 RSD ($10,086) per capita. [266] All-time peak, with over 4 million passengers, was accomplished in 2014, when Belgrade Nikola Tesla Airport became the second fastest growing major airport in Europe. [31] The Avars, under Bayan I, conquered the whole region and its new Slavic population by 582. The previous definition adopted by the CIA includes five of the seven countries. It remained a hotel until 1903 before being demolished in 1938. It was news and no news; the most significant milestone in one of the most profound changes to affect the US in the past century, and yet a non … Museum of Science and Technology moved to the building of the first city's power plant in Dorćol in 2005. In July 2020, the average Belgrade monthly net salary stood at 74,104 RSD ($756) in net terms, with the gross equivalent at 101,509 RSD ($1035). Belgrade receives about 691 millimetres (27 in) of precipitation a year, with late spring being wettest. The white sepulchral city symbolizes all of European civilization. It has plans to build a third centre in Croydon, south London. However, it’s popular with cruisers because three of the most beautiful cities in Europe line its shores. [74] The winner was Tazio Nuvolari. Belgrade is one of the last big European capitals and cities with over a million people to have no metro or subway or other rapid transit system, though Belgrade Metro is in its planning stages. The University of Belgrade, founded in 1808 as a grande école, is the oldest institution of higher learning in Serbia. The new Belgrade Centre railway station is the hub for almost all the national and international trains. Serbia's de facto independence dates from this event. [97][98] Further anti-government protests were held in Belgrade from November 1996 to February 1997 against the same government after alleged electoral fraud in local elections. THE FOLLOWING SHALL NOT BE TOLERATED BY THE ADMIN; 1 . [72], In 1927, Belgrade's first airport opened, and in 1929, its first radio station began broadcasting. Amazing Trip to Crimson Red Katutau Mountains, Altyn Emel National Park, Kazakhstan, Shark Diving in South Africa - The Experience, Expectations and Reality, 10 Summer Destinations You've Never Heard of, 10 Beautiful Unknown Beaches and Sea Towns, Alberobello, Puglia, Italy - One of a Kind, Unique Cone-Shaped Town, Polignano a Mare, Italy - Puglia's Most Popular City, Pitigliano, Italy - Where Time Stood Still, Gjirokaster - Albania's Most Beautiful UNESCO Town, Mostar and Blagaj, Bosnia and Herzegovina - Living Fairy Tale, The W Trek in 3 Days - Day 1 - Trek to Glacier Grey, Patagonia, Chile, The Best Trail in Argentinian Patagonia - El Chalten to Fitz Roy, Minsk, Belarus - A Visit in the Capital of Europe's Last Dictatorship, Charyn Canyon, Kazakhstan - Unknown Alternative to the Grand Canyon. www.europe.uli.org 1 White City: Innovation Districts ULI UK Development Forum, 26 April 2018 In his keynote presentation to the ULI Development Forum, Gann was talking specifically about the ideas behind the innovation ecosystem Imperial is creating at its White City campus. Hotel Srpski Kralj, at the corner of Uzun Mirkova and Pariska Street was considered the best hotel in Belgrade during the Interbellum. The oldest architecture is found in Kalemegdan Park. ... White City bus station, opens in … [30] In 577, some 100,000 Slavs poured into Thrace and Illyricum, pillaging cities and more permanently settling the region. The Serbian Orthodox community is by far the largest, with 1,475,168 adherents. Get it as soon as Fri, Oct 30. The city is placed along the Pan-European corridors X and VII. [250][251] Other TV stations broadcasting from Belgrade include 1Prva (formerly Fox televizija), Nova, N1 and others which only cover the greater Belgrade municipal area, such as Studio B. High-circulation daily newspapers published in Belgrade include Politika, Blic, Alo!, Kurir and Danas. There are two suburban settlements with significant minority population today: Ovča and the village of Boljevci, both with about one quarter of their population being Romanians and Slovaks, respectively. [215], As Belgrade became connected via steamboats and railway (after 1884), the number of visitors grew and new hotels were open with the ever luxurious commodities. [33] In 829, Khan Omurtag was able to add Singidunum and its environs to the First Bulgarian Empire. With total of 8 km beaches, with lot of bars, caffe's, restaurants and sport facilities, Ada Ciganlija attracts many visitors especially in summertime. [101] After the Yugoslav Wars, Serbia became home to highest number of refugees and internally displaced persons in Europe, while more than third settled in Belgrade. [195], The Nikola Tesla Museum, founded in 1952, preserves the personal items of Nikola Tesla, the inventor after whom the Tesla unit was named. [226], As of 2018, there are three officially designated camp grounds in Belgrade. The average annual number of sunny hours is 2,112. The “White City”, as the Israeli metropolis on the Mediterranean Sea is called today, is the reflection of a movement whose traces can be seen 100 years later. It is situated in … [187] Following its foundation in 1965, has amassed a collection of more than 8,000 works from art produced across the former Yugoslavia. Monthly averages range from 1.4 °C (34.5 °F) in January to 23.0 °C (73.4 °F) in July, with an annual mean of 12.5 °C (54.5 °F). ", "ac beograd – american corners in serbia", "City of Belgrade Cultural Centers and Organizations", "Hellenic Foundation for Culture – Belgrade Branch", "Istituto Italiano di Cultura di Belgrado", "О Русском Доме – Русский Дом в Белграде", "Serbian ballad wins Eurovision Song Contest – Belgrade hosts in 2008", "NEDA KOVAČEVIĆ: Nek učini svako koliko je kadar, pa neće narod propasti", "From the history of the National Museum in Belgrade", "Art gathers dust as Serbia museums kept shut", https://www.nytimes.com/2019/09/09/arts/design/fall-art-exhibitions-louvre-leonardo-brancusi-kara-walker.html, https://www.nytimes.com/2019/09/25/arts/design/marina-abramovic-the-cleaner.html, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EFH1BYUjmMA, "Lična karta Muzeja ratnog vazduhoplovstva", "Cultural institutions: Museum of African Art", "Action programme 2006 for Serbia: Support to the Yugoslav Film Archive", "New Depository for the Yugoslav Film Archive's treasure", "Najbolje, u Muzeju 25. maj – SEEcult.org Portal za kulturu jugoistočne Evrope", "Политика Online – Од Стаљина сабља, а од астронаута каменчићи с Месеца", "Seventh Belgrade triennial of world architecture", "Potrebno uložiti 1,6 milijardi evra u energetsku efikasnost", "Za godinu dana više od 50.000 operacija", https://www.theguardian.com/travel/2020/feb/08/10-of-the-coolest-neighbourhoods-in-europe-paris-berlin-rome, "Prirodno dobro "Veliko ratno ostrvo" stavljeno pod zaštitu Skupštine grada", "Beogradu od turizma gotovo pola milijarde evra", "Vesti online / Slobodno Vreme / Putovanja / Nikad više turista: Beograd najviše vole Turci i Hrvati", https://www.blic.rs/vesti/beograd/u-beograd-je-tokom-2019-brodom-doputovalo-100000-turista-najvise-nemaca-i-amerikanaca/ljq0n92, "Belgrade's Nightlife Floats on the Danube", "Sport and Recreation (Sport Centers and Halls)", "Tipsarevic sends Serbia into first Davis Cup final", "The University of Belgrade – The Seedbed of University Education", "Železnice Srbije – Red voznje za Beovoz i BG:VOZ", "1. faza prve deonice Unutrašnjeg magistralnog poluprstena", "Regionalni centar putničkog i kargo saobraćaja", "www.beg.aero | Nikola Tesla Belgrade Airport | News", "Belgrade Nikola Tesla Airport among fastest growing in Europe", "Gradonačelnici Beograda i Ljubljane potpisali sporazum o bratimljenju dva glavna grada", "Official portal of City of Skopje – Skopje Sister cities", "Potpisan sporazum o bratimljenju Beorgada i Šangaja", "Kazakhstan, Serbia agree to cooperate on air communication", "Tehran, Belgrade sign agreement to boost ties", "Belgrade – City of the Future in Southern Europe", Institutional seats of the European Union, Memorial Museum of Nadežda and Rastko Petrović, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Belgrade&oldid=1000812948, Populated places established in the 3rd century BC, Articles incorporating a citation from the 1913 Catholic Encyclopedia with Wikisource reference, Articles with dead external links from August 2020, Articles with dead external links from July 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Serbian-language text, Pages using infobox settlement with possible demonym list, Instances of Lang-sr using second unnamed parameter, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2013, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with TDVİA identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Source 1: Hydrometeorological Service of Serbia, This page was last edited on 16 January 2021, at 21:11. [239], There are approximately one-thousand sports facilities in Belgrade, many of which are capable of serving all levels of sporting events.[240]. All country flags of this region are more or less known worldwide. [88] During the post-war period, Belgrade grew rapidly as the capital of the renewed Yugoslavia, developing as a major industrial centre. Andrew’s black and white cityscape photos are available as gallery-quality framed prints or ultra high-resolution licensed images. What Are The Different Types Of Sustainable Agricultural Practices? Dragutin (Hungarian: Dragutin István) is regarded as the first Serbian king to rule over Belgrade. [84], Just like Rotterdam, which was devastated twice by both German and Allied bombing, Belgrade was bombed once more during World War II, this time by the Allies on 16 April 1944, killing at least 1,100 people. [263] Following renewed growth in 2000, the number of passengers reached approximately 2 million in 2004 and 2005,[264] over 2.6 million passengers in 2008,[265] reaching over 3 million passengers. Ostuni is a unique town that resembles a bright cap rising up right from the flat plains near the southern coast of Italy. Historically, post-war Europe was divided into two major parts: the Western Bloc and the Eastern Bloc. They have moving and dormant phases, and some of them have been recorded for centuries. White City Place is growing. Since the 19th century, the city has been expanding to the south and east; after World War II, New Belgrade was built on the left bank of the Sava river, connecting Belgrade with Zemun. He shot the first motion pictures of Belgrade in the next year; however, they have not been preserved. Still, by 1905, the population had grown to more than 80,000 and, by the outbreak of World War I in 1914, it had surpassed the 100,000 citizens, disregarding Zemun, which still belonged to Austria-Hungary. Other cultural centres in Belgrade are American Corner,[171] Austrian Cultural Forum,[172] British Council,[173] Chinese Confucius Institute,[174] Canadian Cultural centre,[175] Hellenic Foundation for Culture,[176] Italian Istituto Italiano di Cultura,[177] Iranian Culture centre,[178] Azerbaijani Culture centre[179] and Russian centre for Science and Culture. With enrolment numbers of nearly 90,000 students, the university is one of Europe's largest. [39][47], Seven decades after the initial siege, on 28 August 1521, the fort was finally captured by Suleiman the Magnificent, 250,000 Turkish soldiers, and over 100 ships. Old cars passing transport you back in time. Furthermore, international designers like Sacha Lakic, Ana Kraš, Bojana Sentaler, and Marek Djordjevic are originally from Belgrade. [253], The city is also home to 195 primary (elementary) schools and 85 secondary schools. Europe is made up of 20 countries. They are mostly located in the artificial loess hills of Zemun: Gardoš, Ćukovac and Kalvarija. The city declined under Ottoman rule, reducing to no more than an oasis village. [200] The Yugoslav Film Archive also exhibits original Charlie Chaplin's stick and one of the first movies by Auguste and Louis Lumière. [182], There is more than 1650 public sculptures on the territory of Belgrade. [124] Previously, they were classified into 10 urban (lying completely or partially within borders of the city proper) and 7 suburban municipalities, whose centres are smaller towns. [218] During summer there are between 200,000 and 300,000 bathers daily. Belgrade's population grew to 239,000 by 1931 (with the inclusion of Zemun), and to 320,000 by 1940. 9 'White Cities' Not to Miss in Italy Levanzo (Aegadian islands, Sicily). [94] According to various media outlets, there were between 100,000 and 150,000 people on the streets. [90], In 1972, Belgrade faced smallpox outbreak, the last major outbreak of smallpox in Europe since World War II. and also the famous Miroslav's Gospel. Also, Serbian editions of licensed magazines such as Harper's Bazaar, Elle, Cosmopolitan, National Geographic, Men's Health, Grazia and others have their headquarters in the city. Information on your rights to live, work, travel and study in another EU … European Union - Official website of the European Union. As a result, the city was heavily bombed by the Luftwaffe on 6 April 1941, killing up to 2,274 people. Most of the municipalities are situated on the southern side of the Danube and Sava rivers, in the Šumadija region. The beautiful white outside evokes the lofty ideas and justifications that Europeans use to justify colonization, while the hidden hollow inside the sepulcher hides the hypocrisy and desire for power and wealth that truly motivate the colonial powers. [10] It was settled by the Slavs in the 520s, and changed hands several times between the Byzantine Empire, the Frankish Empire, the Bulgarian Empire, and the Kingdom of Hungary before it became the seat of the Serbian king Stefan Dragutin in 1284. [212], Lying on the main artery connecting Europe and Asia, as well as, eventually, the Orient Express, Belgrade has been a popular place for travellers through the centuries. [234], A more traditional Serbian nightlife experience, accompanied by traditional music known as Starogradska (roughly translated as Old Town Music), typical of northern Serbia's urban environments, is most prominent in Skadarlija, the city's old bohemian neighbourhood where the poets and artists of Belgrade gathered in the 19th and early 20th centuries. The city is divided into 17 municipalities. Košutnjak park forest with numerous running and bike trails, sport facilities for all sports with indoor and outdoor pools is also very popular. Orders may still be placed on our website or by phone at 800-332-1556. The city was captured by the Muslim Arabs in 634 but kept intact. Ctesiphon Skadar Street (the centre of Skadarlija) and the surrounding neighbourhood are lined with some of Belgrade's best and oldest traditional restaurants (called kafanas in Serbian), which date back to that period. The population growth rate between 1921 and 1948 averaged 4.08% a year. [89] In 1962, Belgrade Nikola Tesla Airport was built. In September 2020 there were around 2000 active construction sites in Belgrade, which is a part of a general construction boom which is taking place in the city. In 1958, Belgrade's first television station began broadcasting. [71], During this period, the city experienced fast growth and significant modernisation. The Kingdom was split into banovinas and Belgrade, together with Zemun and Pančevo, formed a separate administrative unit. Find the right telephone number in Germany, France, Spain, Poland, The Netherlands, Sweden, Hungary, Italy This name would appear in several variants: Alba Bulgarica in Latin, Griechisch Weissenburg in High German, Nándorfehérvár in Hungarian, and Castelbianco in Venetian, among other names, all variations of 'white fortress'. [80] Some of today's parts of Belgrade were incorporated in the Independent State of Croatia in occupied Yugoslavia, another puppet state, where Ustashe regime carried out the Genocide of Serbs. One of the most important prehistoric cultures of Europe, the Vinča culture, evolved within the Belgrade area in the 6th millennium BC. 4.4 out of 5 stars 41. [197] Belgrade also houses the Museum of African Art, founded in 1977, which has a large collection of art from West Africa. [8] The motorway system provides for easy access to Novi Sad and Budapest to the north, Niš to the south, and Zagreb to the west. Belgrade has the second oldest sewer system in Europe. [138] Microsoft's 'Development Center Serbia', located in Belgrade was, at the time of its establishment, the fifth such programme on the globe. Belgrade (/ˈbɛlɡreɪd/ BEL-grayd; Serbian: Београд, romanized: Beograd, lit. [41], In 1427, Stefan's successor Đurađ Branković, returning Belgrade to the Hungarian king, made Smederevo his new capital. The city has an urban area of 360 square kilometres (140 sq mi), while together with its metropolitan area it covers 3,223 km2 (1,244 sq mi). 61 ] in 1962, Belgrade was led by Vuk Drašković were held in Belgrade are the barges ( )! The names of only five such neighbourhoods are known today: Ali-pašina Reis-efendijina... Until his arrest in 1943 Buddhist temple in Europe since World War II shows. Painted white of Smederevo runner-up white city of europe 1966 83 ] the institution also operates the Museum a... As of 2018, there are between 200,000 and 300,000 bathers daily the first king. Visiting towns and cities - it 's nice to walk around without the scorching sun add Singidunum and new. 237 ], `` Bgd '' redirects here by Silanus, reached Belgrade urban Emilijan! Laz Hadži-Mahmudova ] Following the Čukur Fountain incident, Belgrade contained 31.4 % Western... 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