nicephorus the first

William, a Norman source who wrote in the 1090s, refers to Nicephorus because of Robert Guiscard's invasion of the Eastern Roman Empire in 1081. Nikephoros' first military failures would come in Sicily. He died at the monastery of Saint Theodore (Hagiou Theodorou), revered as a confessor. His tables of universal history, Chronography or Chronographikon Syntomon, in passages extended and continued, were in great favor with the Byzantines, and were also circulated outside the Empire in the Latin version of Anastasius Bibliothecarius, and also in Slavonic translation. Nicephorus I. Dia memulakan perang melawan Bulgaria … Updates? Can you see the difference? There are two similar AE types of Nicephorus II. The first is Sear 1783 (DOC III.II Nicephorus II 7) and the second Sear 1782 (DOC 8). Download for print … They are the only two follis types for that emperor. In his treatise on sobriety, Nicephorus the Solitary says that the method which he will teach has the happy effect of “leading him who practises it, without labour or sweat, into the harbour of passionlessness, freeing him from the fear of prelest or of defeat by the wiles of the devil” (22). Died July 26, 811. Under the empress Irene, Nicephorus was logothete of the genikon (manager of the main treasury). After a palace revolution, he was proclaimed emperor by the influential aristocracy of the capital. He also met Saint Athanasius Parios (June 24), who was the Director of the school in the city of Chios. The catalog of the accepted books of the Old and New Testaments is followed by the antilegomena (including Revelation) and the apocrypha. Much of what these authors wrote covers the career of Nicephorus from his first appearance in the Battle of the Zygos Pass in 1053, when he was in his forties, to his death. Saint Nicephorus was a Christian Byzantine writer and patriarch of Constantinople.. We found one dictionary with English definitions that includes the word nicephorus phocas: Click on the first link on a line below to go directly to a page where "nicephorus phocas" is defined. Nicephorus improved the deplorable condition of the state by introducing a number of financial and political reforms. delegation in Bangladesh and professor of the major seminary of Dhaka. He was mild in his ecclesiastical and monastical rules and non-partisan in his historical treatment of the period from 602 to 769 (Historia syntomos, breviarium). The oldest recorded birth by the Social Security Administration for the name Nicephorus is Sunday, March 13th, 1892. Although Nicephorus’ religious policy was Orthodox rather than Iconoclast (e.g., he permitted the veneration of images), he exercised strong control over the church, even going so far as to sponsor the convocation of a synod (809) that declared the emperor exempt from ecclesiastical laws. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Entry for 'st. An unusually short lifespan might indicate that your Nicephorus ancestors lived in harsh conditions. During Nicephorus’ reign Venice, Istria, and the Dalmatian coast were in dispute between Byzantium and the empire of Charlemagne until 810. The Battle of Pliska or Battle of Vărbitsa Pass was a series of battles between troops, gathered from all parts of the Byzantine Empire, led by the Emperor Nicephorus I, and the First Bulgarian Empire, governed by Khan Krum.The Byzantines plundered and burned the Bulgar capital Pliska which gave time for the Bulgarians to block passes in the Balkan Mountains that served as exits out of Bulgaria. First, I shall set out some relevant passages from the text, using the earlier translation, which was made from the Russian, whereas the second was made from the Greek. Nikephoros I or Nicephorus I (Greek: Νικηφόρος Α΄, Nikēphoros I; c. 758 – April 5, 828) was a Christian Byzantine writer and Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople from April 12, 806, to March 13, 815. Then a tentative agreement was reached, under which the disputed areas were to be returned to Byzantium in exchange for Byzantine recognition of Charlemagne’s title of emperor. Saint Nicephorus was a dignitary at the court of the empress Irene (797-802), and then after receiving monastic tonsure, he became known for his piety. Their Zodiac sign is ♑Capricorn.They are considered the most important person in history born with the first name of Nicephorus. 0 In the 14th century Nicephorus Callisti undertook a complete church history which covers in its extant form the first six centuries. Artist: Nicephorus II Byzantine Emperor: Date: 963-969 : Medium: Copper : Dimensions: Coin: 4.77 gm., 06:00, 20.7 mm. In the following year he crushed a rebellion by Bardanes Turcus, a rival candidate for the throne, and in 808 he put down a similar revolt led by Arsaber. The First Photographs . The first three texts are historical chronicles covering the period 944-963, which sees Nikephoras? [3] His remains were solemnly brought back to Constantinople by Methodios I of Constantinople on March 13, 847, and interred in the Church of the Holy Apostles, where they were annually the object of imperial devotion. Nicephorus I, (born, Seleucia—died July 26, 811, Bulgaria), Byzantine emperor from 802 who late in his reign alienated his subjects with his extremely heavy taxation and frequent confiscations of property. He then withdrew to one of the cloisters that he had founded on the eastern shore of the Bosporus, until he was appointed director of the largest home for the destitute in Constantinople c. 802. Nicephorus I, (born, Seleucia—died July 26, 811, Bulgaria), Byzantine emperor from 802 who late in his reign alienated his subjects with his extremely heavy taxation and frequent confiscations of property. After vain theological disputes, in December 814, there followed personal insults. The Bulgars, however, managed to trap the Byzantines in a mountain defile, where they killed Nicephorus together with most of his army. Nicephorus' policies, which were aimed at strengthening the Byzantine State, were viewed extremely critically by Theophanes, the main chronicler for the period. Nicephorus Phoca atau Nikephoros II Phokas (sekitar tahun 912 hingga 10–11 Disember 969) adalah Maharaja Bizantium yang memerintah dari tahun 963 hingga 969. : Paul J. Alexander: 9780404161958: Books - Amazon.ca Mango's treatment of Nicephorus's sources is sober and conservative, particularly in refuting the idea that one of those sources was the "Great Chronographer" (pp. 802-811 AD. His merit is the thoroughness with which he traced the literary and traditional proofs, and his detailed refutations are serviceable for the knowledge they afford of important texts adduced by his opponents and in part drawn from the older church literature. After embracing monasticism, he became widely known for his piety. In 807–809, Nicephorus I conducted campaigns against the Bulgars, who were harassing Byzantium’s northern frontiers. Nicephorus Gregoras Surname: Gregoras Saturday, January 1, 1295 Nicephorus Gregoras is the most famous person named Nicephorus. 963-969 )—and sent to Abbasid caliph al-Muteeʿ (regn. 1335), the last of the Greek ecclesiastical historians. Using a camera obscura, a box with a hole in one side which utilizes light from an external scene, he took an engraving of Pope Pius VII. Nikephoros I or Nicephorus I (Greek: Νικηφόρος Α΄, Nikēphoros I; c. 758 – April 5, 828) was a Christian Byzantine writer and Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople from April 12, 806, to March 13, 815. His father Theodore, one of the secretaries of Emperor Constantine V, had been scourged and banished to Nicaea for his zealous support of Iconodules, and the son inherited the religious convictions of the father. WikiMatrix. He assumed the Patriarchal Throne of Constantinople in 806 and became a zealous defender of the holy Icons. Died July 26, 811. Browsing Byzantine Coinage of Nicephorus I & Stauracius. A favourite of the emperor Alexius I Comnenus, who gave him the title of caesar, Bryennius assisted Alexius in dealing with Godfrey of Bouillon, the leader of the First Crusade, by The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). To it he appended a canon catalog (which does not include the Revelation of John). He was killed in battle against Krum of the Bulgars, becoming the first emperor to fall in battle against barbarians since Valens in AD 378. Under the empress Irene, Nicephorus was logothete of the genikon (manager of the main treasury). His Historia Ecclesiastica, in eighteen books, starts the historical narrative down to 610. The emperor received those who had accompanied Nicephorus, among them seven metropolitans and Abbot Theodore of Studium. Nikephoros Kallistos Xanthopoulos, Latinized as Nicephorus Callistus Xanthopulus ( Greek: Νικηφόρος Κάλλιστος Ξανθόπουλος ), of Constantinople (c. 1256–c. 5.82 grams. Emperor from 802. Nicephorus at first replied to his removal from his office by excommunication, but was at last obliged to yield to force, and was taken to one of the cloisters he had founded, Tou Agathou, and later to that called Tou hagiou Theodorou. At this time the emperors Valerian (253-259) and Gallius (260-268) began to persecute Christians, and one of the first brought before the court was the priest Sapricius. See what Tiberius Julius Antiochus Epiphanes Nicephorus Paidika (juliusantiochus) found on Pinterest, the home of the world's best ideas. 5.82 grams. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Hoorah! Nicephorus wrote: Attention is a sign of sincere repentance. Not in Library. Nicephorus' - One of 8 Bible encyclopedias freely available, this encyclopedia is one of the most comprehensive resource on Catholic teaching, history, and information 17- 18). Nicephorus - Name Meaning - Discover your core purpose and make it a reality through a Balanced Name - ancient wisdom for a modern world. There are two similar AE types of Nicephorus II. [Deutsch] byzantinischer Geschichtsschreiber, Theologe, Schriftsteller und Astronom. Nicephorus I. Nicephorus then went to his former friend and fervently asked forgiveness, but Sapricius was adamant. Can you see the difference? Nicephorus the General The Battle of Zygos Pass (1053) is where Nicephorus first caught the attention of his contemporaries and historians with a heroic feat that made him famous. Nicephorus I (802-811) was indeed, as Peter Charnis would have it, the savior of Greece. They are the only two follis types for that emperor. Nikephoros Gregoras [English] Byzantine historian, man of learning and religious controversialist. There are several points to note here. The first one just arrived and I've had the second one a long time. He used the chronicle of Trajan the Patrician. He was born in Constantinople c. 758; died at the monastery Tou Agathou June 2, 829.. Of a strictly orthodox family, which had suffered from the earlier iconoclasm, he nevertheless entered the service of the State, became cabinet secretary, and under Irene took part in the synod of 787 as imperial commissioner. Nicephorus - Name Meaning - Discover more about the meaning of the name Nicephorus. Correspondance de Nicéphore Grégoras by Nikephoros Gregoras. He commanded the imperial forces against the native Goblin nation, culminating in a duel between Emperor Nicephorus and the king of the goblins. Hildesheim 1960 (first edition 1929), 129–30; G. I. BRĂTIANU, Études byzantines d’histoire économique et sociale, Paris 1938, 195– 211; P. J. ALEXANDER, The Patriarch Nicephorus: Ecclesiastical Policy and Image Worship in the Byzantine Empire, Oxford 1958, 117 ss. The emperor saw the beginning of But something more serious was involved in the reign of Nicephorus I. en Nicephorus was also the author of lists of the emperors and patriarchs of Constantinople, of a poem on the capture of Jerusalem, and of a synopsis of the Scriptures, all in iambics; and of commentaries on liturgical poems. 8.82 grams. First published in 1828 15 editions — 14 previewable Read Listen. Nicephorus then went to his former friend and fervently asked forgiveness, but Sapricius was adamant. It might be outdated or ideologically biased. Buy Access; Help; About; Contact Us; Cookies; Encyclopedias | Text editions At this time the emperors Valerian (253-259) and Gallius (260-268) began to persecute Christians, and one of the first brought before the court was the priest Sapricius. Order: Order. 963-969 )—and sent to Abbasid caliph al-Muteeʿ (regn. Kadloubovsky and Palmer open their selection, Writings from the Philokalia on Prayer of the Heart (1951) with a text by Nicephorus the Solitary known as “On Sobriety,” or, to provide its longer title, “A Most Profitable Discourse on Sobriety and the Guarding of the Heart.”It is unlikely that the author himself named it. Nicephorus the name of three Byzantine emperors. Nikephoros at first replied to his removal from his office by excommunication, but was at last obliged to yield to force, and was taken to one of the cloisters he had founded, Tou Agathou, and later to that called Tou Hagiou Theodorou. Nikephoros Kallistos Xanthopoulos, Latinized as Nicephorus Callistus Xanthopulus (Greek: Νικηφόρος Κάλλιστος Ξανθόπουλος), of Constantinople (c. 1256–c. Bishop Bejoy Nicephorus D’Cruze was born on Feb. 9, 1956, at Tuital, in Nawabgonj sub-district, which comes under the district of Dhaka. Two of his attempts did however survive. The Patriarch Nicephorus of Constantinople: Ecclesiastical Policy & Image Worship in the Byzantine Empire. Nicephorus Callistus Xanthopoulos, also spelled Nikephoros Kallistos Xanthopoulos, (born c. 1256—died c. 1335), Byzantine historian and litterateur whose stylistic prose and poetry exemplify the developing Byzantine humanism of the 13th and 14th centuries and whose 23-volume Ecclesiasticae historiae (“Church History”), of which only the first 18 volumes survive, constitutes a significant documentary … The festival is first mentioned by St Andrew of Crete (c. 650), and, according to the Byzantine historian Nicephorus Callistus (Hist. Nikephoros I or Nicephorus I (Greek: Νικηφόρος Α΄, Nikēphoros I; c. 758 – April 5, 828) was a Christian Byzantine writer and Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople from April 12, 806, to March 13, 815.[1][2]. Krum had Nicephorus’ skull lined with silver and used it as a drinking cup. This is especially useful for apocrypha for which only fragmentary texts have survived. When was the first name Nicephorus first recorded in the United States? Nicephorus I Potter (Old Tongue: Neikbhrés Bowdari; 13 September 1393 - 8 April 1506) was a wizard of House Potter who ruled as Mage-Emperor of the First Empire from 1420 to 1506. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Serruys, Paris, 1904). Saint Nicephorus remained close to this priest throughout the period of his education in the city, where he developed a love for learning, and a respect for those who taught others. poem on the successful Byzantine expedition against Arab Crete in 960-961, for which Nikephoros was the field commander. He was superior of the O.M.I. Nicephorus was forced to agree to pay a yearly tribute of 30,000 gold pieces. The legend of Saint Nicephorus Bishop and the Thorndancers The second legend tells of Saint Nicephorus, the Bishop of Pićan (in some versions he was the first Bishop of Pićan and the founder of the Diocese). After the death of the Patriarch Tarasios of Constantinople, although still a layman, he was chosen patriarch by the wish of the emperor (Easter, April 12, 806). rise from military general. 23 mm. Nevertheless, he entered the service of the Empire, became cabinet secretary (asekretis), and under Irene took part in the synod of 787 as imperial commissioner. The details were worked out two years later during the reign of Nicephorus’ successor, his son-in-law Michael I. Using a camera obscura, a box with a hole in one side which utilizes light from an external scene, he took an engraving of Pope Pius VII. Classification: Dia berasal dari keluarga tentera. Corrections? Kadloubovsky and Palmer open their selection, Writings from the Philokalia on Prayer of the Heart (1951) with a text by Nicephorus the Solitary known as “On Sobriety,” or, to provide its longer title, “A Most Profitable Discourse on Sobriety and the Guarding of the Heart.”It is unlikely that the author himself named it. Saint Nicephorus was a dignitary at the court of the Empress Irene (797-802). The second exercise in Life Is Real, Only Then, When “I Am,” is the First Assisting Exercise, which is probably adapted from the Jesus Prayer, especially in the form taught by Nicephorus the Solitary in the Philokalia, and evokes the “Ego Exercise” as Gurdjieff told Ouspensky it was practised on Mount Athos. Nicephore Niepce, French inventor who was the first to make a permanent photographic image. Under the empress Irene, Nicephorus was logothete of the genikon (manager of the main treasury). How unique is the name Nicephorus? He was born in 1002, and became a general during the reign of Byzantine Emperor Constantine IX Monomachos, serving in the Pecheneg revolt of 1048–1053. Nicephorus first had a long, private conversation with the emperor, in which he vainly endeavoured to dissuade Leo from his opposition to the veneration of images. In the year 806 he was elevated to the patriarchal throne. Nicephorus first had a long, private conversation with the emperor, in which he vainly endeavoured to dissuade Leo from his opposition to the veneration of images. Compared with Theodore of Stoudios, Nikephoros appears as a friend of conciliation, learned in patristics, more inclined to take the defensive than the offensive, and possessed of a comparatively chaste, simple style. At this time the emperors Valerian (253-259) and Gallius (260-268) began to persecute Christians, and one of the first brought before the court was the priest Sapricius. The third of these larger works is a refutation of the iconoclastic synod of 815 (ed. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Nicephorus-I, Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and Their Families - Biography of Nicephorus I, Dumbarton Oaks - Biography of Nikephoros I (802–811). The emperor was, even at this late date, the last of the Roman emperors and the first of the Byzantine emperors. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The oldest recorded birth by the Social Security Administration for the name Nicephorus is Sunday, March 13th, 1892. Mango's treatment of Nicephorus's sources is sober and conservative, particularly in refuting the idea that one of those sources was the "Great Chronographer" (pp. He was a contemporary of the Norman invasion and probably a layman. In 806 Hārūn ar-Rashīd invaded Asia Minor with more than 135,000 men and captured Heraclea, Tyana, and other places. Omissions? His feast is celebrated on this day both in the Greek and Roman Churches; the Greeks also observe 2 June as the day of his death. Niépce is believed to have taken the world’s first photographic etching in 1822. Nicephorus became a high financial official under the … Attention is the appeal of the soul to itself, hatred of the world and ascent towards God. From there he carried on a literary polemic for the cause of the iconodules against the synod of 815. Is the name of Nicephorus helping you? On the occasion of the change of emperors, in 820, he was put forward as a candidate for the patriarchate and at least obtained the promise of toleration. 17- 18). Emperor from 802. This image was later destroyed by the scientist when he attempted to duplicate it. He was ordained a priest on Feb. 20, 1987. They all repudiated the interference of the emperor in dogmatic questions and once more rejected Leo's … Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The Chronography offered a universal history from the time of Adam and Eve to his own time. The first one just arrived and I've had the second one a long time. 8.82 grams. The inhabitants of Pićan complained to the Patriarch of Aquileia of his alleged immoral life, namely for living with his nephew. This work is an example of the traditional school of Byzantine historial writing in that it consists of an introductory summary of earlier history and a much fuller account of events contemporary with the author. Nikephoros III Botaneiates, Latinized as Nicephorus III Botaniates, was Byzantine emperor from 7 January 1078 to 1 April 1081. You are a unique individual. Nicephorus became a high financial official under the empress Irene, and, when a revolution deposed Irene in 802, he was proclaimed emperor. [] 31 works Add another? Nicephorus then went to his former friend and fervently asked forgiveness, but Sapricius was adamant. First published in 1927 2 editions — 1 previewable Borrow Listen. His actions in guiding his forces away from the Pechenegs following the Battle of Zygos Pass, in which they suffered … From 1880 to 2018 less than 5 people per year have been born with the first name Nicephorus. Emperor from 802. The saint was a zealous defender of the holy Icons. Nicephorus first had a long, private conversation with the emperor, in which he vainly endeavoured to dissuade Leo from his opposition to the veneration of images. The first full English translation, with an introduction, of Al-Qasida al-Arminiyya al-Malʿuna (The Armenian Cursed Ode)— written on behalf of Nicephorus Phocas (regn. The uncanonical choice met with opposition from the strictly clerical party of the Stoudites, and this opposition intensified into an open break when Nikephoros, in other respects a very rigid moralist, showed himself compliant to the will of the emperor by reinstating the excommunicated priest Joseph. The first full English translation, with an introduction, of Al-Qasida al-Arminiyya al-Malʿuna (The Armenian Cursed Ode)— written on behalf of Nicephorus Phocas (regn. 946-974), the poetic Classification: Died July 26, 811. When was the first name Nicephorus first recorded in the United States? 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When Nicephorus withheld the tribute that Irene had agreed to pay the Baghdad caliph Hārūn ar-Rashīd, war followed, and Arab forces defeated the Byzantine emperor at Crasus in Phrygia (805). Free Name Report. Artist: Nicephorus II Byzantine Emperor: Date: 963-969 : Medium: Copper : Dimensions: Coin: 6.76 gm., 06:00, 25.0 mm. Sebagai maharaja, ia berjaya menawan Cyprus (965), Sicilia (965), dan Syria Utara termasuk Antioch (966/969). In 962 the son of the governor of Fatimid Sicily, Ahmad ibn al-Hasan al-Kalbi, captured and reduced the city of Taormina, one of the last Byzantine strongholds on the island. At this time the emperors Valerian (253-259) and Gallius (260-268) began to persecute Christians, and one of the first brought before the court was the priest Sapricius. This image was later destroyed by the scientist when he attempted to duplicate it. The fourth is a ?historical epic? 946-974), the poetic Nicephorus I A. D. 802-811 Matthew Marsh Sul Ross State University . Nicephorus Bryennius, Byzantine soldier, statesman, and historian who wrote a history of the imperial Comnenus family. You can … Attaleiates reported that Botaniates was able to keep command over his mounted troops as he extricated them from being overrun by the Pecheneg horde. According to tradition, Nicephorus was descended from one of the last Ghassanid Kings, Gafna or Djabalah or Cabella depending on what source is used, who along with his family had fled to Roman-controlled Cappadocia during the early days of the Moslem conquest of the Levant. After a palace revolution, he was proclaimed emperor by the influential aristocracy of the capital. The first is Sear 1783 (DOC III.II Nicephorus II 7) and the second Sear 1782 (DOC 8). Nicephorus then went to his former friend and fervently asked forgiveness, but Sapricius was adamant. The principal works of Nikephorus are three writings referring to iconoclasm: Nikephoros follows in the path of John of Damascus. Free Name Report. He later formed a partnership with Louis-Jacques-Mande Daguerre, a Parisian painter, who, after Niepce’s death, built on his knowledge and eventually invented the daguerreotype, the first successful form of photography. Results for 'Nicephorus' (try it on Scholar) 14 found. Nicephorus I can be considered one of the Byzantine Empire's more controversial emperors, reigning in a period more turbulent than usual. The emperor received those who had accompanied Nicephorus, among them seven metropolitans and Abbot Theodore of Studium. He was born in Constantinople as the son of Theodore and Eudokia, of a strictly Orthodox family, which had suffered from the earlier Iconoclasm. Elevated to the Patriarch of Constantinople: ecclesiastical Policy & image Worship in the century... Social Security Administration for the name Nicephorus first recorded in the year he! Silver and used it as a confessor the iconoclastic synod of 815 ( ed Read Listen and New is. Emperor from 7 January 1078 to 1 April 1081 the scientist when he to., his son-in-law Michael I it as a drinking cup reigning in a duel between emperor Nicephorus and the Sear! 20, 1987 State by introducing a number of financial and political reforms literary polemic for cause! Under the empress Irene, Nicephorus I by introducing a number of financial and political reforms emperors!, of Constantinople: ecclesiastical Policy & image Worship in the reign of Nicephorus s photographic. ( Greek: Νικηφόρος Κάλλιστος Ξανθόπουλος ), Sicilia ( 965 ), the nicephorus the first. Later during the reign of Nicephorus ’ skull lined with silver and used as! In a period more turbulent than usual were harassing Byzantium ’ s first etching... Sapricius was adamant to have taken the world ’ s repeated offers for peace of Damascus first centuries! Sul Ross State University being overrun by the antilegomena ( including Revelation ) the. 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November 2020, at 11:53 and other places & Stauracius carried on a polemic... Venice, Istria, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica Sunday, March 13th 1892! Administration for the cause of the accepted books of the Roman emperors and the one... Greek ecclesiastical historians Great Soviet Encyclopedia ( 1979 ) native Goblin nation culminating... At this late date, the home of the nicephorus the first Icons these larger works is a sign sincere.
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