For brand colors I use the folowing: $color-brand-1st, $color-brand-2nd, etc… When there are lighter and darker variants of color I just put -light or -dark. $grey-l20 should be hsl(0, 2%, 20%), of cause Naming Convention. Thanks for the great article! This is a question programmers often discuss. I name all my colors ( $eerie_black: #0d1321, $mesty_rose: #ffeddf, $flame: #d85922, etc.) Nearly 92% of people worldwide use a browser that supports them, so it's about time we finally start using them with confidence. – Lines Templates for naming convention - TSQL, JavaScript, C#, R, Python, Powershell - ktaranov/naming-convention. Mobi.css use the future's CSS syntax --variable-name to declare css variables, and use cssnext to compile it. Namespacing like $-c-orange is probably an easier approach if you need to do anything at all. 2. The first thing I wanted to do was variablize my colors. – Alt colors, Then I broke down each type into categories: I have heard lots of developers say they hate CSS. Naming Conventions. If you have important information to share, please, adding variations as you call from the palette, https://davidwalsh.name/sass-color-variables-dont-suck, http://www.color-blindness.com/color-name-hue/, http://chir.ag/projects/name-that-color/#6195ED, https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/windows/uwp/design/controls-and-patterns/xaml-theme-resources#the-xaml-color-ramp-and-theme-dependent-brushes, https://marketplace.visualstudio.com/items?itemName=reneroth.colornamify-code. Which is confusing. Over time, this file grows until you end up with a mess. Modifier names may consist of Latin letters, digits, dashes and underscores. C# naming conventions are an important part of C# coding standards and best practice when you are developing a .NET applications. Having worked on the AngularJS Material team, I’m partial to Primary, Accent, and Warn. We do support light and dark color themes and the color framework worked out quite well. Now, it's easy to change the value of $yellow-green everywhere. For example: Variable and function names written as camelCase; Global variables written in UPPERCASE (We don't, but it's quite common); Constants (like PI) written in UPPERCASE; Should you use hyp-hens, camelCase, or under_scores in variable names?. CSS variables (a.k.a. If people use the rel attribute, then it's perhaps okay to use data attributes in certain cases. 1. buttons: I always go with simple $red, $blue, $dark-green, etc. CSS class is formed as block’s or element’s name plus two dashes: .block--mod or .block__elem--mod and .block--color-black with .block--color-red. The same BEM entity always has the same name in all technologies (CSS, JavaScript, and HTML). Several years ago I designed enterprise color framework to be used for all our applications. Stuart Robson even gets a bit BEM-y with the names, including the namespace: Material Design uses values that are similar to font-weight! – Text Some teams use hyphen delimiters, while others prefer to use the more structured naming convention called BEM. As Phil Karton says, “there are only two hard things in Computer Science: cache invalidation and naming things.” So spending a whole chapter talking about naming is essential. It’s better for the to reflect it what it is than what it looks like. I’m using variables in this way. For colors, I’ll typically really only use brand/theme-related colors, a palette of grays, and status colors (like success, warning, danger, info). One way to mitigate such bugs is to use a js-* class name to denote a relationship with the DOM element in question. Naming Conventions. It is darn difficult to maintain CSS. The Block, Element, Modifier methodology (commonly referred to as BEM) is a popular naming convention for classes in HTML and CSS. And a VS Code extension: In this tutorial we learn the basics of Sass and SCSS and the key differences in their syntax when defining scope and terminating statements. This isn't right. -> If you write a lot of JavaScript then writing variables in camel case is a common practice. As the shift toward CSS custom properties happens, I think having a --c-orange and --c-gray-5 is similarly appropriate. UpperCamelCasenames capitalize the first letter of each word, includingthe first. Here’s one project for that, and here’s another: See the Pen Color Namer by Maneesh (@maneeshc) on CodePen. It's time to agree on and implement a CSS/Less variable naming convention. And then I use CSS variables as a theming mechanic: https://github.com/clshortfuse/materialdesignweb, I use this website to name all my SCSS colour variables — http://chir.ag/projects/name-that-color/. – Strong This comment thread is closed. I also prefix variables so I can use my autocomplete tooling in Visual Code to look them up quickly. CSS variables. Teams have different approaches to writing CSS selectors. I do this too, but with the help of an app. Re: defaults: if a value isn’t defined, but the rest of the path is valid, it’ll look for a ‘default’ key, even halfway through the path. What naming scheme do you use for color variables? In my experience, this comes as a result of not taking the time to learn CSS. As the shift toward CSS custom properties happens, I think having a --c-orange and --c-gray-5 is similarly appropriate. So everything can change easily. --c-text-secundary-light:#cccccc; There is even a Sublime Text plugin for converting them (to whatever syntax you want): Sarah Drasner is a heck of a designer, and has a wonderful course called Design for Developers over on Frontend Masters where you'll learn to be a self-sufficient designer. Variables are generally used for one property, like font-size, there are very few variables that are able to be used in different contexts. Naming convention. CSS-Tricks is created by Chris and a team of swell people. – Base – Light You might get a kick out of what to call a sunny yellow versus a sunflower yellow, or you might just want some help. Define meaningful color names – they should either come from an online color pallette eg. I typically use the song titles of the album I am listening to a lot, i find this keeps me more engaged. and I keep all of my global variables (usually that also includes @media breakpoints and often general spacing units) in the same place, either at the top of the file if there’s just a single stylesheet or in a variables-specific file. – Generic: Generic colors, And finally I’ve introduced gradients for each category */, UI/UX Inspirations from these epic websites, To know what selector does, just by looking at its name, To have an idea where selector can be used by just looking at it, To know the relationships between class names, just by looking at them. To be semantic, you should be able to reference either. --c-secundary:#00c5cd; Later, in a “screw it” moment, I named colors more like…. The idea was quite simple, color names should not refer to a specific color or UI element. CSS itself doesn't have much in the way of in-built organisation, therefore you need to do the work to create consistency and rules around how you write CSS. Colors. Now if the brand identity changed to blue we would have $red: blue. --c-text-secundary:#656565; Some teams use hyphen delimiters, while others prefer to use the more structured naming convention called BEM. Pretty much this. Namespacing like $-c-orange is probably an easier approach if you need to do anything at all. I very often try to keep names semantic. Eg:-. However, if you spontaneously create your variable names as you code, the odds are your naming convention will lack cohesiveness. 17. Call me old fashioned, but I like to call my colours after the names of my colours. I try never to use colournames or positions. So, I tried to make my colors semantic, in a sense — what they represent not what they literally are: But I found that I absolutely never remembered them and had to constantly refer to where I defined them in order to use them. I’ve been doing it like this for years (firstly with LESS, and now with SASS): Then consume base colors at component level – e.g. – Medium Sorry not sure if it was out of the box functionality or if it was a Sass plugin I installed. :root { -c-orange: #F060D6; -c-red: #BB532E; -c-blue: #4C9FEB; -c-gray-1: #eee; -c-gray-2: #ccc; -c-gray-3: #555; } I’ve largely stuck with that just-use-color-names approach today in Sass. So, I define variables like –color-green, –color-red etc, and then alias them, like –color-accent: var(–color-red); etc. Naming conventions ultimately come down to personal preference, but you have to imagine that someone at some point will be looking at your work so it needs to be “legible”. – Strokes I use both color names as variables, and UI color configuration variables. It definitely depends on the project I’m working on. So I broke down colors into several meaningful types: We cover how to comment our code and enhance its readability, naming rules and conventions, brace conventions and keywords with special meaning. In this case my “private” colors that I only use within my variables file would be a one-to-one for a named color and a hex code, like. Naming conventions like BEM (“Block__Element—Modifier”) are used to ensure that each paragraph is “scoped” to only one parent, avoiding the cascade entirely. ntimes is an integer number of times to draw something. This also helps me with theme swipping or color changes over the app/site. I’ve been using it for years and I LOVE it. For example size variables @size-small. Don't forget to get daily.dev extension. # CSS Rules # CSS Naming convention. $toyota-red: #fc0000; Map meaningful names to actual implementations: It’s a simple approach, but proxying implementation colors to our defined colors means we can change the implementation without breaking or renaming the actual colors, just be sure to not use the meaningful colors directly. --c-text-primary:#ffffff; If there are set guidelines, I have to follow them, but if I’m playing around for myself, I’m using names that are descriptive for me and will remember 6 months from now. AWS Amplify - the fastest, easiest way to develop mobile and web apps that scale. CSS class names should use a standard naming convention (personally use kebab-case because it's used by most of the CSS framework classes) … The name of a BEM entity is unique. I use the rgb values to use custom opacity. Always use the same naming convention for all your code. CSS isn’t the prettiest ‘language,’ but it has successfully powered the styling of the web for over 20 years now. Somewhere in JavaScript code, there was a relationship with the previous class name, siteNavigation: So the change in the class name the nav variable became null. See archiv… This has nothing to do with name convention but will save your time too. Every tim… – Basic: Most of the UI elements are using these colors The problem is that this type of naming is not well-suited to CSS. But I don’t use the same values. Here’s what I mean: I like this because I pull partials from project to project while changing the brand colors. I have tried many different approaches to naming conventions and found that the following works fine. Then I use those named colors to define my “public” variables, like: This way I could re-theme my whole app if need be (or to a lesser degree, re-color an element type) and not have to worry about either a color name not matching its hex, or having to change all my instances of $shamrock to $spruce throughout many files. Poorly written CSS will quickly turn into a nightmare. So here is my latest post, I'll tell you about a few naming conventions that will save you a bit of stress and countless hours down the line. So I would reference a component colour through that component’s map, but it would reference the fill map, or the type map, etc., which would ultimately reference a generic colours map, where each value is named according to whatever colour it literally is. Sass placeholders are deliberately omitted from this list since they can be considered as regular CSS selectors, thus following the same naming pattern as classes. There are two main approaches: the semantic approach and the non-semantic approach. – Contrast: Dark colors for all high contrast elements Sometimes you want a specific color (e.g. The variable naming conventions in the above example imply the following to the reader. and $color-secondary: $grey-l16. Do use singular names for enums. Spaces in complicated modifiers are replaced by dash. By the way, Microsoft introduced something very similar for their UWP apps – https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/windows/uwp/design/controls-and-patterns/xaml-theme-resources#the-xaml-color-ramp-and-theme-dependent-brushes, Seeing how naming things is hard, I’ve created a npm library for this: Naming. It's simpler, specifically in big projects with many CSS/LESS files to have single usage variables, even though that might result in a larger variables definition file. The base variables are located in mobi-theme-base. __--modifier For example: ... CSS Variables Naming convention; variable name for BLOCK var(--input-width); Poor John, he is unknown that he had broken the codebase . Implementing these color-name-variables I use the same tactic as Emma does. John realizes this may not be the best way to name things in CSS. Thanks For Reading. From my naming-things-in-HTML skillz, I knew to avoid classes like .header-blue-left-bottom because the color and position of that element might change. , /* This is called BEM naming convention. The second is the one I’ll use over all my css. I don’t actually reference any colour directly in my actual css. I’ve generally stuck to themes (typically fruit) butI really like the idea appending the actual color on there — hadn’t considered that. Teams have different approaches to writing CSS selectors. There are 3 problems that CSS naming conventions try to solve. For example: Variable and function names written as camelCase; Global variables written in UPPERCASE (We don't, but it's quite common); Constants (like PI) written in UPPERCASE; Should you use hyp-hens, camelCase, or under_scores in variable names?. Hope this article is helpful for you. }. I started to use on this way, but sometimes just get too long =(, :root{ 2. lowerCamelCase names capitalize the first letter of each word, exceptthe first which is always lowercase, even if it’s an acronym. So he goes ahead and refractors like the codebase like so. Using a scale from 10–100 with a tone at each ten is by far the simplest. I just want to know that this is the color used for accents. Have you succeeded at writing CSS that uses color variables in a manner agnostic to the colors they represent?I've tried all of the following, and I have yet to succeed at writing CSS that works well with any color scheme. Gave up on naming colors after reading David Walsh’s post: https://davidwalsh.name/sass-color-variables-dont-suck. I personnally prefer having 2 level of abstraction for colors: To help remembering the names I always use go from the more global to the more specific (level 1 : color/size/etc., level 2: primary/accent/warning/etc., level3: default/lighter/etc.) Sometimes I do break this rule and name those variables with color names. Variables. Generally, there are 3 problems that CSS naming conventions try to solve: To know what a selector does, just by looking at its name :). After all, this isn’t crossing the HTML-CSS boundary here; this is all within CSS and developer-only-facing, which puts more of a narrow scope on the problem. For example, when I define “accent”, I don’t want to know whether it is yellow, green or blue. They are set using custom property notation (e.g., --main-color: black;) and are accessed using the var () function (e.g., color: var (--main-color); ). It's your call after all. The BEM Naming Convention. You could get a little more specific with those names with staying abstract, like Marcus Ortense says: And variations on each base like Mike Street says: Silvestar Bistrović recently wrote about using abstract Greek numbering: I’ve used that kind of thing for media query breakpoints before, as the numbering seems to make sense there (i.e. Huge benefit of this is to allow use of defaults and graceful failure for undefined values and a self-documenting cascade. Customers can create their own CSS variables in compliance with this naming convention. Regarding variables, functions and mixins, we stick to something very CSS-y: lowercase hyphen-delimited, and above all meaningful. lowering saturation when rising brightness, and vice-versa. I like to think of my variables file almost as a “class” with public and private properties for colors and sizes. Ha! – Subtle. The familiarity of such an approach allows the system to grow predictably. I could also see that being nice for tints or shades of the same color, but then why not regular numbers? That way if I ever need need to update a color, I update it in a single location, on a single variables file. When i need to radically change the color, i switch the variable in the attributes. CSS Naming Conventions. ☹️. 1. He is handed over an HTML code that looks like this. February 17, 2016 by Jessica Lavoie. By definition, data attributes are used to store custom data. custom properties) are now supported in most browsers. I feel like I went through the same journey of color variable naming as you described in the beginning of your article. https://marketplace.visualstudio.com/items?itemName=reneroth.colornamify-code. In CSS there we … It's also simple to locate the places where $yellow-greenis used by searching for it. 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